A house is the biggest purchase that anyone of us will ever make. So it’s mandatory to compute what your mortgage payment will be and how much you can afford. You can find it easily with the help of **Mortgage Calculator** which is a type of tool for Calculating mortgages.

Who doesn’t want a Home of their own? Owning a home is the dream of every person because it is an emotional pull that motivates peoples to go from renting to buying. Apart from that, it can also be a powerful financial tool because it may possible that it may worth double or triple after 20-30 years from now but all these dreams and financial benefits come with the cost because most of the time cost turned up in a **Mortgage. **In simple terms, a mortgage is a loan used to buy a house. The definition is simple enough to express the nature of the term mortgage, but there are more complex issues regarding this and we are going to provide full information which underlies this topic.

Under this post, we will provide the base of the mortgage and How to calculate mortgages. This article will also explain others thing all related to Loans and mortgage. Now, let’s start with the introduction of **Mortgage ****loan **first:

**Types of Mortgage Loan:**

There is type of mortgage loan which is beneficial for buyers in different ways but it also has some disadvantages that everyone should keep in mind while selecting loan type but first we should have the idea about the types of loan and their advantages and disadvantages.

**Fixed rate Mortgage**:

A **fixed-rate mortgage** is a loan that demands a set rate of interest that does not change in whole time period of loan. Also it is the traditional loan used to fund the purchase of a home and this is what many people have in their mind when we talk about a mortgage and that’s why they are very popular among people.

There are many other reasons also that make it more preferable over the other type of mortgages. They are easy to understand because they help buyers to spread out the paying cost for an high-priced purchase by making lesser, predictable payments over a full period of time and because the interest rate in this type of loan does not change, Property buyers are protected from sudden increases in monthly mortgage payments when there is a rise in interest rates so they are type of loans with less complex payments timetable and this is because once you will get the idea about how much your monthly payment going to be, you will get simple overview of impact of the monthly payments on your monthly finance and you can easily adjust your monthly expenses according to payment’s quantity. There is also one more version of this type of loan available in which buyer can select a period of time in which he or she will pay fewer amounts and after that, they will continue with the basic method of paying mortgages. This is very beneficial for the people who are in the entry level jobs and earning less but their earning will increase after some time.

Fixed Rate Mortgages are very popular among people but they are not suitable for everyone. This type of mortgage generally charges slightly higher interest rates than the other types of the loans hence payments are less affordable, this makes very difficult for borrower qualifying for the loan. Another drawback of fixed price mortgage is that whenever interest falls, loan’s interest rate does not change so you be unable to get the benefit of lower interest rate as well as lower monthly payments will also not change and you have to pay more than the others.

So, according to my suggestion, fixed price mortgage is for people who have fixed or predictable source of income and willing to own their property for an extended time period.

**Variable-rate Mortgage: **

A **variable-rate mortgage** also commonly known as the adjustable-rate mortgage or a floating-rate mortgage, is a loan in which the interest rate is not fixed for the full period of time and are subject to change and when such changes happen, the monthly payment is “adjusted” and shows the new interest rate. Most of the time over the long time period, interest rates generally increases and this is result in the monthly payment to move higher accordingly in a variable-rate mortgage.

This type of loan is most famous among people who are unable in qualifying a loan in fixed price mortgage because here qualifying for the loan is much easier than qualifying for other types of loans as adjustable-rate mortgage have the lower interest rate at initial stage resulting in lower monthly loan payments. If would be homeowners are priced out of the market whenever they try to cover the price of new home with a fixed rate loan then this type loan is the best option for them as there is a set of time period in it when interest rate is lower than the rate of interest available on the fixed rate loans so this enable buyers to choose a period of time that provide lower initial payments and this makes **Floating-rate mortgage** more flexible than the other. This is best for the ones who want to pay lower initial payments and not intend to live in a home for certain years as well as for those who wants to move in the house quickly and able to pay off mortgages early.

This type of mortgage is beneficial for many buyers but it also has some disadvantages that everyone should keep in mind while selecting loan type. The most important one is Payment shock which generally occurs when interest rates increase because sudden increases in interest rate results in the rise in the monthly mortgage payments and sudden increase in the payment make it difficult for the buyer to pay the mortgage on time or it may misbalance their financial planning. Another disadvantage is that they are more complex as they are available for different time periods and terms so it is a challenging task to select right loan for you. They are also not very predictable as interest rate changes over the time. Also, there is some complex terminology which borrower should be familiar in order to choose right loans term as well as to easily understand the changes that will affect their payments.

**Mortgage Loan Calculator**

**Mortgage rate calculator** going to helps you to calculate monthly payment of your loans with the principal, interest components, taxes on property, PMI, homeowner’s insurance. It will also calculate the overall sum of all payments comprises also one-time down payment, full PITI amount, and final HOA fees during the whole amortization time period so that you will get a complete loan payment schedule. Most of the house buyers wish to speed up their loan schedules by extra payments also. Don’t Worry! Because this calculator will provide you all the necessary points like the difference in payments etc. If you opt out the different schedule for payment, you will also get the correct details of total interest paid and amortization period under both the schemes. **Mortgage calculators with taxes are** also the type of loan calculator used to calculate the mortgages value with all the taxes.

Before starting using the **loan payment calculator**, you should also keep some points in mind related to mortgage calculation which I am going to discuss in short here:

- First of all, mortgage calculation does not contain some of the costs like it does not include some recurring costs related to home ownership, for example, warranty of home, the cost of home maintenance, utility costs etc.
- Mortgage calculation also does not contain savings like tax deduction on loan or mortgage payments.
- Extra down payments will result in less principal and also helps to decrease the loan tenure.
- Similar to above point, Bi- weekly payments also helps to minimize total interest cost on the loan and helps in accelerating mortgage payoff.
- The mortgage also has some one-time payments or expenses that everyone should know, for example, closing cost, or money spent on renovation of the property.
- There are some US’s default national averages in the US like Hazard insurance, home insurance, property taxes. These averages are not always perfect for particular situations but we can override and access by it if required.
- The difference between property value and mortgage amount will give you your down payment.
- If you are refinancing your loan, then above case will not be true, then you should ignore the calculated down payment and should subtract down payment amount from all the amount.
- You can also share or print your mortgage calculation’s custom link to the family or friends.
- Mortgage calculation includes many terms like PMI, FHA HOA etc which you should know before so that you will not get any difficulty related to mortgages. Don’t worry! I am going to discuss these in short here. Let’s start with the PMI:

**PMI**

#### Before discussing that we should know **what is PMI**, PMI is the short form of Private mortgage insurance is insurance type which is provided by any private mortgage insurance company to secure a lender in the event of default on a loan. When the borrower has less than 20% equity in a home, then this type of insurance is generally required that is when the loan divided by the property value is 80.01% (loan to value ratio is higher than 80%)or greater. PMI allows house owners to get the house at good mortgage rates i.e. with less than 20% down payments; hence it is the good news for mortgage companies because it was found that people with less than 20% equity are the persons who are more likely default on the loan. But this thing was solved by PMI as the purpose of PMI is to provide the amount or pay to mortgage company if the property owner defaults on the loan. When the loan to value ratio becomes less than 80%, the PMI can be removed by the lender. **Mortgage calculator with PMI** will help you to do all these calculations. This whole process between lender, borrower and Insurance Company which is as follow:

- Borrower: Borrower has to pay mortgage insurance amount on the monthly basis. The principal and interest payments that are made on loan are also paid in addition to mortgage insurance amount.
- Lender: These premium payments are transferred to the mortgage insurance company by lender.

If you don’t want to pay this monthly premium then there are also several ways to do so. There is a commonly used term for the method to avoid private mortgage insurance premiums is 80 -10 -10 transaction. According to this method, if we have a 10% down payment present, then the first loan will provide for the 80% mortgage with second mortgage of 10%. Another method to avoid these monthly premiums is to find someone who offers self-insured program in which interest rates are higher.

You should decide which one of them will be suitable for you by keeping account of the total monthly payment amounts of the all the 3 above discussed options.

**FHA loan**

FHA stands for Federal Housing Administration which is a so, FHA loans are loans which are backed by the Federal Housing Administration and best thing about these loans is that it allows lender to take mortgage loans with only 3.5% down payments. This type of are best for the people who are buying for first time or who want to keep of saved money to the minimum. You can also use **FHA loan calculator **to calculate FHA loan.

Another good feature of the FHA loan is:

- Down payments is only 3.5%
- Get loan at low-interest rate
- FHA gives More Flexible Credit Standards
- You will get manufactured or ready to live homes.
- 203k Renovation Loans

Now if you are thinking of taking FHA loans then first of all you should make sure whether you qualify for the loan or not so for that FHA borrowers must meet **FHA loan requirements** established to protect FHA lenders while providing better chance for FHA home buyers.

You must also make sure that you should always select the house whose mortgage balance is not higher than the FHA allows for buying house in that particular county. So part of knowing features and requirements of this type of loan, another most important thing that you must know is **FHA loan limits.** FHA publishes maximum loan limits for its mortgage loans. Let me explain you with the example, if you willing to buy a property in your county of worth $450,000 but FHA limit for the county is $270,000 then you cannot purchase property with FHA loans until and unless You are ready to pay extra amount. So, it is very important to know the FHA loan limit as it is different for different county. Also FHA update and releases this every year, so if you are thinking of buying home through FHA loan then first of go through the FHA loan limits for required county.

**VA loan**

VA stands for Veteran’s Affairs Department so **VA loan** is the mortgage backed by Department of Veterans Affairs. All the eligible Veteran’s and active duty military can get the home of their choice through this loan with no money down and also without any monthly PMI. When mortgage rates decreases then VA loan can be present for Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loans. So, if anyone served in the military and has decent credit but little cash then VA loans are another option for those people. People who want to apply for the **VA home loan **must be eligible for the loan as Department of Veterans Affairs established the rules to qualify VA loans against default. So borrower must get the certificate of eligibility through lender and this certificate will show your record of military service. The best thing about VA loan is that it provides 100% funding for the value of your new home so it is best loan to take instead of the FHA loan provided you should have eligibility certificate**. ****VA loan calculator **can help you in finding the all the calculation needed to be done for the loan, down payments etc.

VA loans are best in most ways they also have some drawbacks which you should consider before applying for loan. If you have less cash but good credit, you may be possible that you will find a better rate with a conventional loan and also you may be able to avoid the VA funding fee if you opt for **conventional loan**

**Reverse mortgage**

** **Till now we were talking about the mortgage or mortgage calculator but there is one more term to which you should be familiar Reverse Mortgage Now you must be thinking **what is a reverse mortgage**. Reverse mortgage also known as the home equity conversion mortgage i.e. HECM. It is a type of loan which is basically for the older homeowners and requires no monthly down payments. The loan can be repaid after the home owner i.e. borrower moves out or dies. Also, the home value that you can request for HECM totally depends on the value of properties in your area. Many people don’t know the main idea behind this type loan but it is the best thing as in any mortgage you have to pay interest, but with HECM**, **you are going to pay more interest on the equity you spent your life making and building. So monthly payment will not be paid, but you will continuously losing equity in your own house. Also, you can find exact calculation with the help of **Reverse mortgage calculator **provided.

HECM is beneficial to those people who don’t plan to move anywhere and can provide the cost of maintaining their homes. Also, most of the people use it for eliminating their existing mortgages and to make their monthly cash flow strong. Before applying for this loan you must confirm eligibility criteria for the same as it is for only senior citizen so your age must be more than 62 years or more and you should own a home or have small mortgages on it. Money you will get can be used for any purpose like health care expenses etc.

Apart from benefits there are also some drawbacks of HECM also. A reverse mortgage may not turn to be the best option if you are unable to maintain the costs of the home, even without monthly loan payment. Also, if you die early or the home isn’t your primary address for more than 12 months and the loan comes due, which means you or the estate has the right to repay the mortgage on the home or home can be put up sale to settle the mortgage. Before deciding to proceed for the loan, you must know that you may have to pay higher closing cost based on your home value and also interest on these loans is higher than traditional mortgage. **Closing cost calculator **can** **be used to calculate all the closing cost needed.

**Mortgage refinance calculator**:

Refinancing is the process to get a new mortgage to reduce your monthly payments, to get lower interest rates on new loan. Sometimes borrower **refinances mortgage** to change mortgage companies. The best thing about refinancing is that for borrowers with a good credit history, refinancing will be a better way to convert a variable loan rate to a fixed one in order to get lower interest rate. If you find yourself in between the much higher interest due to unstable economy and this is making it difficult for you to make mortgage payments then it is the best time to consider refinancing your mortgage and this will surely help you to pay mortgage amount easily but on the other hand, refinancing is risky also because if you don’t have proper knowledge of when to refinance and from where to refinance, you will be in loss instead of getting benefitted from the refinancing. Refinance calculator can also help you in finding exact numbers, closing costs and down payments etc. The other risk in refinancing the loan is hidden costs and **Refinance mortgage rates. **

In short, refinancing will be best option for you if it reducing your loan payments or shorten the loan term. otherwise it will not be going to benefit you any longer. Mortgage refinance calculator can be used for proper calculation so that you should know how beneficial it would be for you when you are refinancing. Refinancing high-interest dept to low-interest mortgage is the best idea in many cases but it also come up with some cost needed to do refinancing will also be added to your amount. So you should refinance with keeping all these points in mind so that you will not be in loss in any of the cases.

You should always consider all these factors for the mortgage calculation.

**Loan amortization calculator**

**Loan amortization**

An amortizing loan is a loan where the loan principal is paid over the life of the loan, typically through equal payments. In another word, it is the loan with scheduled regular payments that contains both principal and interest. Amortized loan payment amount pays relevant interest expense for the time period before any principal is paid and reduced. The examples of a **mortgage amortization calculator** are the home loans calculator, personal loan calculator, **auto loan calculator** etc.

The principal amount paid in the period is applied to the balance of the loan. Therefore, new balance of the loan will be the result of the current balance of loan minus principal amount paid in the period nd this balance is used to calculate next period interest.

**The amortization table** shows the calculations of an amortized loan which lists the relevant balances and amounts for each and every period. Each row in the table represents period while columns represent current loan balance, all monthly payment, payment interest portion, payment principal portion as well as ending outstanding balance. The ending outstanding mortgage balance of each one period taken as the current loan balance of next.

In **mortgage amortization**, principal of the loan increases with time while interest decreases. Interest is planed based on the recent ending balance of loan and the loan’s interest portion payment decreases with each payment is made. This happens because any payment in excess of the interest contributes to reducing the principal amount, and this decreases the balance in which interest is calculated. The amortization loan’s interest portion decreases, so the principal portion of payment increases. These points show that interest and principal are inversely proportional to each other.

There are a various long calculations are done related to an amortized loan.

- To find out the interest for the particular period, the loan’s current balance is multiplied by the interest rate for the current period.
- To find the monthly rate, divide the annual interest rates by 12.
- The interest for the period shows the part of the payment attributable to interest. Therefore, to calculate amount of principal paid in the period, subtract the period’s interest from the full monthly payment.

**Amortization schedule**

An amortization schedule is the schedule represented in the form of table of regular loan payments, giving the detail of the principal amount and interest amount for each payment till the loan’s end of the term. If you will observe in the starting of the schedule each periodic payment is the identical amount with the most of each payment is interest but as we go down the schedule table, the majority of each payment is the principal of the loan. The end line of the schedule displays the borrower’s overall interest payments and principal payments for the full loan period.

In the amortization schedule, also each payment’s percentage that goes to interest becomes lesser a bit with each payment and the payment’s percentage that goes toward principal grow with each payment.

How to Make an Amortization Schedule

Every person uses this schedules for installment mortgages that have paying off dates schedule that are found at the time the mortgage is taken such as a car mortgage. If you have knowledge of the loan term and total periodic payment, so you can easily calculate amortization schedule by your own also. It is very simple and easy method and also saves the time.

Let me explain you with an example,

Think a loan has a term of 30-year with 4.5% interest rate, $1,265.71 as the monthly payment.

- For month one, multiply the mortgage balance ($260,000) and periodic interest rate which is one-twelfth of the total 4.5% value.
- So the result of the calculation is $260,000 * 0.00375 = $975.00 which is the amount of interest of the 1st month’s payment.
- Subtract this amount which we got in the above calculation from the monthly payment ($1,265.71 – $975.00) to get the part of loan payment allotted to principal of loan’s balance ($290.71).
- For the calculation of the interest of the next month and principal payments, we have to subtract the principal payment that is made in month one ($975.00) from mortgage balance ($260,000) and we will get the new loan balance ($259025.00).
- Repeat these above steps to calculate further payment details easily until you will get an amortization plan for the life of the mortgage.

If you are using a calculator then you should know what **amortization schedule calculator** shows which is discussed below in points:

- It shows how much principal as well as interest are needed to be paid in any specific payment.
- It shows how much total principal and interest have been paid at a particular date.
- It shows how much principal left on the mortgage at a particular date.
- It shows how much time you will need cut off at the end of the mortgage by delivering one or more extra payments.

Apart from this here is the list of things that you can find out using **mortgage amortization calculator**:

- How much principal you left right now, or will be left at a future date or month.
- How much extra payment you will need to pay every month to repay the mortgage, for example in 25 years instead of 30 years.
- How much total interest you have paid over the life of the mortgage, or during a particular time period.
- How much equity do you have right now.

To calculate your equity minus the all mortgage debt from Market value. Let me explain you this with an example:

Suppose Max bought a home four years ago and today, it’s worth is $200,000 and they left $120,000 on the total mortgage. Then their equity will be $80,000 equity ($200,000 – $120,000).

**An amortization calculator** can be used by simply entering your mortgage amount, year term, the interest rate and the starting date and Click on Show Amortization Schedule to get the full detail.

**Points to remember:**

There are some points which you should keep in mind while using the calculator:

- Keep all the data ready needed to use mortgage calculator.
- You should know the basic terms related to loans.
- You should have all the documents needed for requesting loan.
- Documents should be verified in the entire required department.
- Keep updated on the
**current mortgage rates**for all type of loan. - You should check your eligibility for the different loan before applying for the loan so that you will not get disappointed after.
- You should select refinancing company wisely so that it will always be beneficial for you.

**Conclusion:**

Our online **mortgage payment calculator** will help you quickly and accurately calculate your monthly mortgage payment with the input of just a few of information and also show you the total amount of interest you will need to pay over the life of your mortgage. To use our calculator, you are going to need the some of the following information like Home price, Down payment, Mortgage Amount , Mortgage Term (Years) Interest, Rate Mortgage Start Date etc.

People mostly use our mortgage calculator to calculate the payment on a new mortgage only but it can be used for other purposes also which we are going to discuss here so that you can know the use the calculator very well:

**1**. If you are Planning to pay off your mortgage early, use the “Extra payments” utility of loan calculator to find out how you can shorten your loan term by paying extra money towards your principal of the loan each month, every year or even just one time also.

Now you know the other uses of the mortgage calculator also. Apart from this there are some other calculators like **car loan calculator** used at the time of taking car loan etc. So with the help of proper information, you can easily get the loan at the less interest rate and this will help you to get more benefits by loan. Taking loan is not that much complex process if you have correct information and guidelines. So keep visiting our site for more updates on the mortgages as we update it at regular basis and also refer to those who are new property buyers or thinking of buying a new home. Hope this helps! Thank you for reading.